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        考公共英语三级口语该注意的几条原则

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        发布时间:2019年09月19日 09:25:40 来源:环球网校 点击量:

        【摘要】小编给大家带来考公共英语三级口语该注意的几条原则,希望对大家有所帮助。加入环球网校有专业的老师为您解答问题,还可以和考友一起交流!

        (一) 主题句原则

        一个好的主题句是文章成功的一半。不仅文章有主题,段落有纲,句也必有中心。在立足于篇章时,一定要首先明确文的主题;在发展段落时,也要首先写好主题句。从PETS三的特点来考虑,主题句最好是置于文首或段首,这样让人一目了然! 以下就是两个实用的开门见山式发展主题句的方法。

        ●To begin with, we must attach the greatest importance to this issue/fact (key word).

        ●As is well known to all, it is now high time that we took this (topic word) into serious consideration.

        (二) 句式变化原则

        好的文章动静结合、张弛有度有节奏感。句式也是一样,要有变化性,这不仅能使文章更生动,也是语言表达方式的需要和表达能力的体现。句式的变化,主要是要注意两点:

        ● 不要从头至尾使用一种句型。

        ● 长短句结合。

        由于语言功底的欠缺和惯用思维,很多人写的文章一种句式到头,如:

        I think …

        I hope…

        He does it.

        He will take it

        这样的文章虽然意思表达出来了,却显得呆板,欠生动。解决的办法是:

        1.间或使用主从复句。

        Because he is very much determined, he will carry it out this time. (原因)

        比较:He is very much determined. He will carry it out this time.

        2.使用分词结构句。

        The weather being fine, a large number of people went sightseeing.

        比较:The weather is fine. A large number of people went sightseeing.

        Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.

        比较:Africa is the second largest continent. Its size is about three times that of China.

        3.使用不定式句。

        To be or not to be, that is a question. (莎士比亚)

        To study or not to study, that is much different.(引申)

        To do it well, you must plan it well.

        比较:You want to do it well. And you must plan it well.

        4.倒装句

        Only when we fully recognize its importance can we have control of its essence.

        比较:After we fully recognize its importance, we can have control of its essence.

        No sooner had he arrived home than it began to rain.

        比较:He arrived home. And it began to rain.

        5.失衡句

        whether or not he will come is still unknown to all the people present.

        比较:No one present knows whether he will come or not.

        That he has done it all by himself is known to everyone.

        比较:Everyone knows that he has done it all by himself.

        长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,特别是经典名言,既有说服力,又让人过目不忘!我们在这里给大家设计一个通用模式,供大家参考??忌绻伦约捍砉际员奔浜涂际允奔涞幕?,可以 免费预约短信提醒,届时会以短信的方式提醒大家报名和考试时间。

        ●在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短。

        ●在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式。

        ●文章结尾一般用一长一短。

        (三) 层次原则

        发展句子时,还要注意层次性。英语作文讲究的是先明确主旨,再层层推进。不仅意义有主次,结构也有上下轻重。我们在作文时,也要根据主题的需要和段落的发展需要,将层次体现出来。此外,条理是否清楚也是评判的一个重要标准。 以下是简单而使用句间连接词。

        ●first of all, above all

        ●firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally

        ●the first, the second, the third, the last

        ●in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly

        ●to begin with, then, furthermore, finally

        ●to start with, next, in addition, finally

        ●first and foremost, besides, last but not least

        ●besides, in addition, what’s more, moreover

        ●on the one hand, on the other hand

        ●for one thing, for another thing

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